Lesson 5: Describing one’s family in Vietnamese

Describing your family in Vietnamese is an essential skill for personal conversations and building relationships. This section covers how to introduce and describe your family members, including vocabulary, sentence structures, and examples.


1. Introduction to Family Description

When describing your family in Vietnamese, it’s common to start with a general introduction and then provide details about each family member. This can include their names, ages, occupations, personalities, and hobbies.


2. Sentence Structures

To describe your family, you can use several sentence structures to provide detailed information. Here are some examples.

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Introducing Family Members:

  • Đây là gia đình của tôi.
  • This is my family.
  • Tôi có bố, mẹ, và một em trai.
  • I have a father, a mother, and a younger brother.

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Describing Relationships:

  • Bố tôi là kỹ sư.
  • My father is an engineer.
  • Mẹ tôi là giáo viên.
  • My mother is a teacher.

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Talking About Age:

  • Bố tôi năm nay năm mươi tuổi.
  • My father is fifty years old this year.
  • Chị tôi hai mươi lăm tuổi.
  • My older sister is twenty-five years old.

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Discussing Hobbies and Interests:

  • Anh trai tôi thích chơi bóng đá.
  • My older brother likes playing soccer.
  • Em gái tôi thích đọc sách.
  • My younger sister likes reading books.

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Introducing Family Members by Name:

  • Bố tôi tên là San.
  • My father’s name is San.
  • Mẹ tôi tên là Linh.
  • My mother’s name is Linh.

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Talking about Relationships:

  • Đây là bố tôi.
  • This is my father.
  • Đây là mẹ tôi.
  • This is my mother

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Describing Occupations:

  • Bố tôi là giáo viên.
  • My father is a teacher.
  • Mẹ tôi làm việc tại Tesla.
  • My mother works at Tesla.
  • Anh trai tôi là sinh viên.
  • My older brother is a student.

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Stating Age:

  • Tôi 20 tuổi.
  • I am 20 years old.
  • Em gái tôi năm nay 10 tuổi.
  • My younger sister is 10 years old this year.

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Describing Educational Status:

  • Tôi đang học lớp 7.
  • I’m in grade 7
  • Anh trai tôi đang học đại học.
  • My older brother is in college.

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Positive Feelings:

  • Tôi rất yêu gia đình của mình.
  • I love my family very much.
  • Gia đình tôi rất hạnh phúc.
  • My family is very happy.

3. Example Paragraph with Sentence Structures

Tôi tên là Linh. Gia đình tôi có bốn người: bố, mẹ, em trai và tôi.

My name is Linh. My family has four people: my father, my mother, my younger brother, and me.

Bố tôi tên là Hùng, ông năm nay năm mươi tuổi và là một kỹ sư. Ông rất chăm chỉ và yêu công việc của mình.

My father’s name is Hung, he is fifty years old and an engineer. He is very hardworking and loves his job.

Mẹ tôi tên là Lan, bà là giáo viên tại một trường trung học. Bà rất nhiệt tình và luôn giúp đỡ học sinh.

My mother’s name is Lan, she is a teacher at a high school. She is very enthusiastic and always helps her students.

Em trai tôi tên là Tuấn, cậu ấy năm nay mười tuổi và đang học lớp năm. Tuấn thích chơi điện tử và đá bóng với bạn bè.

My younger brother’s name is Tuan, he is ten years old and in the fifth grade. Tuan likes playing video games and soccer with his friends.


4. Tips for Describing Your Family

  1. Use Clear and Simple Sentences: Vietnamese, like many languages, values clarity and simplicity, especially in everyday conversation.
  2. Incorporate Cultural Nuances: Mentioning activities such as family gatherings or traditional customs can add depth to your description.
  3. Practice Pronunciation: Vietnamese is a tonal language, so correct pronunciation is key to being understood. Practicing the tones for each family member’s title can be very helpful.

By understanding the vocabulary and sentence structures outlined above, you should be able to describe your family in Vietnamese effectively.


Lesson 6: Questions about family in Vietnamese