Lesson 44: Describing health conditions in Vietnamese

Describing health conditions in Vietnamese involves understanding and using specific vocabulary and phrases that accurately convey various symptoms, illnesses, and medical conditions. This guide will provide key phrases, terminology, and structures to help you effectively communicate health-related issues in Vietnamese.


Common Health Vocabulary

  • Health: Sức khỏe
  • Illness/Disease: Bệnh
  • Symptom: Triệu chứng
  • Pain: Đau
  • Doctor: Bác sĩ
  • Hospital: Bệnh viện
  • Medicine: Thuốc
  • Prescription: Đơn thuốc
  • Treatment: Điều trị
  • Emergency: Cấp cứu

Describing Symptoms

When describing symptoms in Vietnamese, it is important to use the correct sentence structure and vocabulary. Here are some useful phrases.

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Basic Sentence Structures:

Tôi cảm thấy + [symptom].

Example:

  • Tôi cảm thấy đau đầu.
  • I feel a headache.

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Tôi bị + [condition].

Example:

  • Tôi bị cảm lạnh.
  • I have a cold.

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Tôi thấy + [adjective] ở + [body part].

Example:

  • Tôi thấy đau ở bụng.
  • I feel pain in my stomach.

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Common Phrases:

  • I have a fever
  • Tôi bị sốt.

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  • I have a cough
  • Tôi bị ho.

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  • I feel dizzy
  • Tôi cảm thấy chóng mặt.

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  • I have been vomiting
  • Tôi đã nôn.

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  • My throat is sore
  • Họng tôi bị đau.

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  • I have pain in my chest
  • Tôi bị đau ngực.

Seeking Medical Help

When seeking medical help, it’s crucial to communicate clearly and effectively with healthcare professionals. Here are some phrases that might be useful.

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Making an Appointment:

  • I need to see a doctor
  • Tôi cần gặp bác sĩ.

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  • Can I make an appointment?
  • Tôi có thể đặt lịch hẹn không?

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  • What time can I see the doctor?
  • Tôi có thể gặp bác sĩ lúc mấy giờ?

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During the Consultation:

  • I have been feeling unwell for [duration]:
  • Tôi cảm thấy không khỏe trong [khoảng thời gian].

Example:

  • Tôi cảm thấy không khỏe trong hai ngày.
  • I have been feeling unwell for two days.

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  • I am taking [medication]
  • Tôi đang uống [tên thuốc].

Example:

  • Tôi đang uống thuốc cảm.
  • I am taking cold medicine.

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  • I have a history of [condition]
  • Tôi có tiền sử [bệnh].

Example:

  • Tôi có tiền sử bệnh tiểu đường.
  • I have a history of diabetes.

Emergency Situations

In emergency situations, quick and clear communication is vital. Here are some phrases to use.

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  • I need help
  • Tôi cần giúp đỡ.

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  • Call an ambulance
  • Gọi xe cứu thương.

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  • There’s been an accident
  • Đã xảy ra tai nạn.

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  • I am having a heart attack
  • Tôi bị đau tim.

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  • I can’t breathe
  • Tôi không thở được.

By understanding describing health conditions in Vietnamese, you can effectively describe health conditions in Vietnamese, whether you’re speaking with healthcare professionals or seeking help in an emergency.


Lesson 45: Practice hospital situations in Vietnamese