Lesson 43: Vietnamese vocabulary about body parts and health

Understanding Vietnamese vocabulary about body parts and health is essential for effective communication, especially when discussing medical issues, visiting a doctor, or simply maintaining personal well-being. This guide covers essential terms for body parts, common health conditions, symptoms, and useful phrases for medical situations.


Body Parts Vocabulary

Head and Face

  • Head – Đầu
  • Hair – Tóc
  • Forehead – Trán
  • Eye – Mắt
  • Ear – Tai
  • Nose – Mũi
  • Mouth – Miệng
  • Lip – Môi
  • Tooth – Răng
  • Tongue – Lưỡi
  • Chin – Cằm
  • Cheek – Má
  • Neck – Cổ

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Upper Body

  • Shoulder – Vai
  • Chest – Ngực
  • Back – Lưng
  • Waist – Eo
  • Arm – Cánh tay
  • Elbow – Khuỷu tay
  • Wrist – Cổ tay
  • Hand – Bàn tay
  • Finger – Ngón tay

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Lower Body

  • Leg – Chân
  • Thigh – Đùi
  • Knee – Đầu gối
  • Ankle – Mắt cá chân
  • Foot – Bàn chân
  • Toe – Ngón chân

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Internal Organs

  • Heart – Tim
  • Lung – Phổi
  • Liver – Gan
  • Kidney – Thận
  • Stomach – Dạ dày
  • Intestine – Ruột
  • Bladder – Bàng quang
  • Brain – Não

Health Vocabulary

Common Health Conditions

  • Cold – Cảm lạnh
  • Flu – Cúm
  • Fever – Sốt
  • Headache – Đau đầu
  • Stomachache – Đau bụng
  • Cough – Ho
  • Sore throat – Đau họng
  • Infection – Nhiễm trùng
  • Diarrhea – Tiêu chảy
  • Constipation – Táo bón
  • Asthma – Hen suyễn
  • Allergy – Dị ứng
  • Diabetes – Bệnh tiểu đường
  • Hypertension – Tăng huyết áp
  • Heart disease – Bệnh tim

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Symptoms

  • Pain – Đau
  • Ache – Nhức
  • Swelling – Sưng
  • Rash – Phát ban
  • Nausea – Buồn nôn
  • Dizziness – Chóng mặt
  • Fatigue – Mệt mỏi
  • Weakness – Yếu
  • Shortness of breath – Khó thở
  • Itching – Ngứa

Useful Phrases for Medical Situations

Visiting the Doctor

  • I need to see a doctor.
  • Tôi cần gặp bác sĩ.

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  • I have a fever.
  • Tôi bị sốt.

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  • I have a headache.
  • Tôi bị đau đầu.

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  • My stomach hurts.
  • Tôi bị đau bụng.

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  • I feel dizzy.
  • Tôi cảm thấy chóng mặt.

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  • I have been feeling very tired.
  • Tôi cảm thấy rất mệt mỏi.

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  • I have a sore throat and a cough.
  • Tôi bị đau họng và ho.

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  • I think I have an infection.
  • Tôi nghĩ rằng tôi bị nhiễm trùng.

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  • Do you have any allergies?
  • Bạn có dị ứng gì không?

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  • Are you taking any medications?
  • Bạn có đang dùng thuốc gì không?

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At the Pharmacy

  • I need some medicine for a cold.
  • Tôi cần thuốc chữa cảm lạnh.

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  • Do you have any painkillers?
  • Bạn có thuốc giảm đau không?

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  • Can I get something for nausea?
  • Tôi có thể lấy thuốc chống buồn nôn không?

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  • I need a prescription filled.
  • Tôi cần mua thuốc theo toa.

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  • How often should I take this medicine?
  • Tôi nên uống thuốc này bao nhiêu lần một ngày?

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  • Are there any side effects?
  • Có tác dụng phụ nào không?

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In an Emergency

  • Call an ambulance!
  • Gọi xe cứu thương!

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  • I need help immediately.
  • Tôi cần giúp đỡ ngay lập tức.

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  • Where is the nearest hospital?
  • Bệnh viện gần nhất ở đâu?

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  • I am having chest pain.
  • Tôi đang bị đau ngực.

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  • He/She is unconscious.
  • Anh ấy/Cô ấy bị bất tỉnh.

Cultural Insights

  1. Respect and Politeness: When discussing health issues in Vietnamese, it’s important to be polite and respectful. Use words like “xin” (please) and “cảm ơn” (thank you).
  2. Traditional Medicine: Vietnam has a rich tradition of herbal medicine and home remedies. You might encounter terms like thuốc bắc (Chinese medicine) or thuốc nam (Vietnamese traditional medicine).
  3. Health Practices: Vietnamese people often visit both modern doctors and traditional healers. Understanding basic terms for both types of healthcare can be beneficial.

Conclusion

Learning Vietnamese vocabulary about body parts and health is crucial for effective communication, especially in medical situations. By familiarizing yourself with these terms and practicing them in context, you can confidently discuss health issues, seek medical help, and understand medical advice in Vietnamese. This not only enhances your language skills but also ensures you can navigate healthcare settings effectively while in Vietnam.


Lesson 44: Describing health conditions in Vietnamese