Lesson 4: Vocabulary about family members in Vietnamese

Understanding the vocabulary for family members is crucial in Vietnamese as it reflects the importance of familial relationships and hierarchy within the culture. “Lesson 4: Vocabulary about family members in Vietnamese” provides a detailed list of Vietnamese terms for various family members, along with their pronunciations and usage contexts.


1. Immediate Family Members

___

Bố/Ba – Father/Dad

  • Usage: Common terms for father. “Bố” is more commonly used in the North, while “Ba” is preferred in the South.
  • Example:
    • Bố của tôi rất nghiêm khắc.
    • My father is very strict.

___

Mẹ/Má – Mother/Mom

  • Usage: Common terms for mother. “Mẹ” is more commonly used in the North, while “Má” is preferred in the South.
  • Example:
    • Mẹ của tôi nấu ăn rất ngon.
    • My mother cooks very well.

___

Anh trai – Older brother

  • Usage: Used to refer to an older brother.
  • Example:
    • Anh trai của tôi rất giỏi thể thao.
    • My older brother is very good at sports.

___

Chị gái – Older sister

  • Usage: Used to refer to an older sister.
  • Example:
    • Chị gái của tôi rất thông minh.
    • My older sister is very smart.

___

Em trai – Younger brother

  • Usage: Used to refer to a younger brother.
  • Example:
    • Em trai của tôi rất nghịch ngợm.
    • My younger brother is very mischievous.

___

Em gái – Younger sister

  • Usage: Used to refer to a younger sister.
  • Example:
    • Em gái của tôi rất dễ thương.
    • My younger sister is very cute.

___

Con – Child

  • Usage: General term for a child, often used by parents to refer to their children.
  • Example:
    • Con của tôi đang học tiểu học.
    • My child is in elementary school.

2. Extended Family Members

___

Ông – Grandfather

  • Usage: Used to refer to one’s paternal or maternal grandfather.
  • Example:
    • Ông của tôi sống ở nông thôn.
    • My grandfather lives in the countryside.

___

– Grandmother

  • Usage: Used to refer to one’s paternal or maternal grandmother.
  • Example:
    • của tôi rất giỏi kể chuyện.
    • My grandmother is very good at storytelling.

___

Bác trai – Uncle (older brother of one’s father/mother)

  • Usage: Used to refer to an uncle who is older than one’s parent.
  • Example:
    • Bác trai của tôi làm bác sĩ.
    • My uncle is a doctor.

___

Bác gái – Aunt (older sister of one’s father/mother)

  • Usage: Used to refer to an aunt who is older than one’s parent.
  • Example:
    • Bác gái của tôi rất đảm đang.
    • My aunt is very hardworking.

___

Chú – Uncle (younger brother of one’s father)

  • Usage: Used to refer to a paternal uncle who is younger than one’s father.
  • Example:
    • Chú của tôi làm kỹ sư.
    • My uncle is an engineer.

___

– Aunt (younger sister of one’s father)

  • Usage: Used to refer to a paternal aunt who is younger than one’s father.
  • Example:
    • của tôi là giáo viên.
    • My aunt is a teacher.

___

– Aunt (younger sister of one’s mother)

  • Usage: Used to refer to a maternal aunt who is younger than one’s mother.
  • Example:
    • của tôi sống ở Mỹ.
    • My aunt lives in the US.

___

Cậu – Uncle (younger brother of one’s mother)

  • Usage: Used to refer to a maternal uncle who is younger than one’s mother.
  • Example:
    • Cậu của tôi làm ở ngân hàng.
    • My uncle works at a bank.

___

Dượng – Uncle (husband of one’s aunt)

  • Usage: Used to refer to the husband of one’s aunt.
  • Example:
    • Dượng của tôi rất vui tính.
    • My uncle is very humorous.

___

Mợ – Aunt (wife of one’s uncle)

  • Usage: Used to refer to the wife of one’s uncle.
  • Example:
    • Mợ của tôi rất hiền.
    • My aunt is very gentle.

3. In-laws

___

Bố chồng – Father-in-law (for a woman)

  • Usage: Used by a woman to refer to her husband’s father.
  • Example:
    • Bố chồng của tôi rất tốt bụng.
    • My father-in-law is very kind.

___

Mẹ chồng – Mother-in-law (for a woman)

  • Usage: Used by a woman to refer to her husband’s mother.
  • Example:
    • Mẹ chồng của tôi rất khéo léo.
    • My mother-in-law is very skillful.

___

Bố vợ – Father-in-law (for a man)

  • Usage: Used by a man to refer to his wife’s father.
  • Example:
    • Bố vợ của tôi rất nghiêm khắc.
    • My father-in-law is very strict.

___

Mẹ vợ – Mother-in-law (for a man)

  • Usage: Used by a man to refer to his wife’s mother.
  • Example:
    • Mẹ vợ của tôi rất hiền từ.
    • My mother-in-law is very gentle.

___

Anh rể – Brother-in-law (older sister’s husband)

  • Usage: Used to refer to the husband of one’s older sister.
  • Example:
    • Anh rể của tôi làm việc ở Hà Nội.
    • My brother-in-law works in Hanoi.

___

Chị dâu – Sister-in-law (older brother’s wife)

  • Usage: Used to refer to the wife of one’s older brother.
  • Example:
    • Chị dâu của tôi rất tốt bụng.
    • My sister-in-law is very kind.

___

Em rể – Brother-in-law (younger sister’s husband)

  • Usage: Used to refer to the husband of one’s younger sister.
  • Example:
    • Em rể của tôi rất tài giỏi.
    • My brother-in-law is very talented.

__

Em dâu – Sister-in-law (younger brother’s wife)

  • Usage: Used to refer to the wife of one’s younger brother.
  • Example:
    • Em dâu của tôi rất chăm chỉ.
    • My sister-in-law is very hardworking.

4. Miscellaneous Family Terms

___

Con trai – Son

  • Usage: Used to refer to one’s son.
  • Example:
    • Con trai của tôi rất ngoan.
    • My son is very well-behaved.

___

Con gái – Daughter

  • Usage: Used to refer to one’s daughter.
  • Example:
    • Con gái của tôi rất thông minh.
    • My daughter is very intelligent.

___

Cháu trai – Nephew/Grandson

  • Usage: Used to refer to one’s nephew or grandson.
  • Example:
    • Cháu trai của tôi rất hiếu động.
    • My nephew is very active.

___

Cháu gái – Niece/Granddaughter

  • Usage: Used to refer to one’s niece or granddaughter.
  • Example:
    • Cháu gái của tôi rất đáng yêu.
    • My niece is very adorable.

By mastering vocabulary about family members in Vietnamese, you will be able to talk about your family and understand others when they talk about theirs. Vocabulary about family is fundamental for building personal relationships and engaging in meaningful conversations in Vietnamese.


Lesson 5: Describing one’s family in Vietnamese