Lesson 30: Describing and discussing work in Vietnamese

In Vietnamese culture, discussing work is not just a conversation topic but often a significant aspect of social interaction. Whether you’re meeting someone new or catching up with old friends, understanding how to describe and discuss work in Vietnamese is essential. “Lesson 30: Describing and discussing work in Vietnamese” will cover key vocabulary, phrases, and cultural nuances related to work conversations in Vietnamese.


1. Vocabulary Related to Work

Jobs and Professions

  • Profession – Nghề nghiệp
  • Job – Công việc
  • Field/Industry – Lĩnh vực
  • Company – Công ty
  • Sector – Ngành
  • Occupation/Trade – Nghề

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Job Titles

  • Doctor – Bác sĩ
  • Teacher – Giáo viên
  • Engineer – Kỹ sư
  • Salesperson – Nhân viên bán hàng
  • Office worker – Nhân viên văn phòng
  • Scientist – Nhà khoa học

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Work-related Actions

  • To work – Làm việc
  • To recruit – Tuyển dụng
  • To apply for a job – Nộp đơn xin việc
  • Interview – Phỏng vấn
  • Overtime work – Làm thêm

2. Structure of Work-related Sentences

Asking About Someone’s Job

  • Bạn làm nghề gì?
  • What do you do?

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  • Bạn làm việc ở đâu?
  • Where do you work?

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  • Bạn làm trong ngành nào?
  • Which industry do you work in?

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  • Bạn đang làm việc gì?
  • What are you currently working on?

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Describing Your Own Job

  • Tôi làm bác sĩ tại bệnh viện lớn ở thành phố.
  • I work as a doctor at a large hospital in the city.

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  • Tôi làm kỹ sư phần mềm cho một công ty công nghệ.
  • I work as a software engineer for a technology company.

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  • Tôi làm giáo viên tiếng Anh ở một trường cấp hai.
  • I work as an English teacher at a middle school.

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  • Tôi làm việc ở một công ty công nghệ ở Hà Nội.
  • I work at a technology company in Hanoi.

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  • Công việc của tôi là xử lý dữ liệu và phân tích thống kê.
  • My job involves data processing and statistical analysis.

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Responding and Asking Further Questions

  • Bạn thích công việc của mình không?
  • Do you like your job?

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  • Công việc của bạn như thế nào?
  • How is your job?

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  • Bạn có thường xuyên làm thêm không?
  • Do you often work overtime?

3. Cultural Considerations

  • Vietnamese culture places a high value on respect and politeness in conversations about work. Use respectful language forms (danh ngôn) when addressing someone in a senior or formal position.
  • It’s common to share details about your job and workplace in Vietnamese conversations, but avoid boasting or exaggerating your achievements. Humility is appreciated.
  • Building relationships through work-related conversations (đàm phán) is important in Vietnamese culture. Networking often leads to opportunities and deeper connections.

Conclusion

Understanding how to describing and discussing work in Vietnamese is crucial for effective communication and building relationships in Vietnamese society. By mastering the vocabulary, sentence structures, and cultural nuances covered in this lesson, learners will be better equipped to navigate work-related conversations with confidence and cultural sensitivity.


Lesson 31: Practice work-related situations in Vietnamese