Lesson 20: Asking and giving directions in Vietnamese

Here’s a detailed guide on asking and giving directions in Vietnamese. “Lesson 20: Asking and giving directions in Vietnamese” covers essential vocabulary, common phrases, and practical examples to help you navigate Vietnamese-speaking areas effectively.


Essential Vocabulary

Directions

  • Left – Trái
  • Right – Phải
  • Straight – Thẳng
  • Turn – Rẽ
  • Intersection – Ngã tư
  • Roundabout – Vòng xoay
  • Street – Đường
  • Avenue – Đại lộ
  • Corner – Góc
  • Next to – Bên cạnh
  • Opposite – Đối diện
  • Behind – Phía sau
  • In front of – Trước

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Landmarks and Locations

  • Hotel – Khách sạn
  • Restaurant – Nhà hàng
  • Bank – Ngân hàng
  • Park – Công viên
  • Hospital – Bệnh viện
  • School – Trường học
  • Market – Chợ
  • Bus Station – Trạm xe buýt
  • Train Station – Ga tàu hỏa
  • Airport – Sân bay

Common Phrases for Asking Directions

  • Excuse me, can you help me?
  • Xin lỗi, bạn có thể giúp tôi được không?

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  • How do I get to…?
  • Làm thế nào để đến…?

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  • Where is the nearest…?
  • … gần nhất ở đâu?

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  • Is it far from here?
  • Nó có xa đây không?

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  • Can you show me on the map?
  • Bạn có thể chỉ cho tôi trên bản đồ không?

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  • Which way is to…?
  • Đường nào đến…?

Common Phrases for Giving Directions

  • Go straight.
  • Đi thẳng.

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  • Turn left.
  • Rẽ trái.

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  • Turn right.
  • Rẽ phải.

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  • At the intersection, turn…
  • Tại ngã tư, rẽ…

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  • Go past the…
  • Đi qua…

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  • It’s next to…
  • Nó ở bên cạnh…

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  • It’s opposite…
  • Nó ở đối diện…

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  • It’s behind…
  • Nó ở phía sau…

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  • It’s in front of…
  • Nó ở trước…

Scenario: You are lost and need directions to a hotel.

  • Xin lỗi, bạn có thể giúp tôi được không?
  • Excuse me, can you help me?

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  • Vâng, bạn cần gì?
  • Yes, what do you need?

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  • Làm thế nào để đến khách sạn Hilton?
  • How do I get to the Hilton Hotel?

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  • Bạn đi thẳng đường này, đến ngã tư thì rẽ trái. Khách sạn ở bên phải.
  • Go straight on this road, turn left at the intersection. The hotel is on the right.

Scenario: You want to find a nearby restaurant.

  • Xin lỗi, nhà hàng gần nhất ở đâu?
  • Excuse me, where is the nearest restaurant?

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  • Bạn đi thẳng, sau đó rẽ phải ở ngã tư. Nhà hàng ở bên trái.
  • Go straight, then turn right at the intersection. The restaurant is on the left.

Scenario: You need to get to the train station.

  • Xin lỗi, ga tàu hỏa ở đâu?
  • Excuse me, where is the train station?

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  • Bạn đi thẳng, qua hai ngã tư, ga tàu hỏa ở bên phải.
  • Go straight, past two intersections, the train station is on the right.

Additional Tips for Asking and Giving Directions

  1. Be Polite: Always start with a polite phrase like “Xin lỗi” (Excuse me) when asking for directions.
  2. Repeat and Confirm: If you’re unsure, repeat the directions back to the person to confirm.
  3. Use Landmarks: Vietnamese people often use landmarks to give directions, so look for well-known places like markets, schools, and parks.
  4. Carry a Map: Having a map or a translation app can be extremely helpful in understanding and giving directions.
  5. Learn Basic Terms: Familiarize yourself with basic directional terms and common places to make communication easier.

By learning these essential phrases and practicing these dialogues, you can confidently ask for and give directions in Vietnamese, making your travel experience more enjoyable and less stressful.


Lesson 21: Practice travel situations in Vietnamese