Lesson 12: Vietnamese vocabulary about daily routines

Understanding and using basic daily activity vocabulary is essential for effective communication in any language. “Lesson 12: Vietnamese vocabulary about daily routines” covers the key Vietnamese verbs and phrases related to waking up, going to work, having breakfast, and going to sleep.


1. Vietnamese Vocabulary for Daily Activities

Wake Up – Thức dậy

Thức dậy is a common phrase used in daily life. The verb “thức” means “awake” and “dậy” means “get up.” When combined, they describe the action of waking up from sleep.

This phrase can be used in various tenses by adding time indicators such as “đã” (past), “đang” (present continuous), and “sẽ” (future).

  • Tôi thức dậy lúc 6 giờ sáng.
  • I wake up at 6 AM.

Related Vocabulary:

  • Alarm clock – Đồng hồ báo thức
  • Early – Sớm
  • Late – Muộn
  • Brush teeth – Đánh răng
  • Wash face – Rửa mặt
  • Take a shower – Tắm
  • Put on makeup – Trang điểm

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Go to Work – Đi làm

Đi làm combines “đi” (to go) and “làm” (work). It is used to describe the action of going to one’s place of employment.

Depending on the context, you can modify this phrase to be more specific, such as “đi làm bằng xe buýt” (go to work by bus).

  • Tôi đi làm mỗi ngày từ thứ Hai đến thứ Sáu.
  • I go to work every day from Monday to Friday.

Related Vocabulary:

  • Office – Văn phòng
  • Commute – Đi làm xa
  • Boss – Sếp
  • Colleague – Đồng nghiệp
  • Motorbike – Xe máy
  • Bus – Xe buýt
  • Working hours – Giờ làm việc
  • Meeting – Cuộc họp

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Have Breakfast – Ăn sáng

Ăn sáng is a straightforward term combining “ăn” (to eat) and “sáng” (morning). It is specifically used to refer to the morning meal.

Breakfast in Vietnam can include a variety of dishes, from “phở” (noodle soup) to “bánh mì” (bread), reflecting the diversity of Vietnamese cuisine.

  • Tôi thường ăn sáng với phở.
  • I usually have pho for breakfast.

Related Vocabulary:

  • Pho – Phở
  • Bread – Bánh mì
  • Egg – Trứng
  • Coffee – Cà phê
  • Porridge – Cháo
  • Fruit juice – Nước trái cây
  • Milk – Sữa

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Go to Sleep – Đi ngủ

Đi ngủ is another essential phrase, combining “đi” (to go) and “ngủ” (sleep). It is used to indicate the action of going to bed.

You can describe your nighttime routine by using this phrase, such as “đi ngủ sớm” (go to sleep early) or “đi ngủ muộn” (go to sleep late).

  • Tôi đi ngủ lúc 11 giờ đêm.
  • I go to sleep at 11 PM.

Related Vocabulary:

  • Bed – Giường
  • Pillow – Gối
  • Blanket – Chăn
  • Dream – Giấc mơ
  • Night lamp – Đèn ngủ

2. Usage in Daily Conversation

Understanding these phrases can help you navigate daily conversations in Vietnamese. Here are some practical examples.

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Person A:

  • Bạn thức dậy lúc mấy giờ?
  • What time do you wake up?

Person B:

  • Tôi thức dậy lúc 7 giờ sáng.
  • I wake up at 7 AM.

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Person A:

  • Bạn đi làm bằng gì?
  • How do you go to work?

Person B:

  • Tôi đi làm bằng xe máy.
  • I go to work by motorbike.

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Person A:

  • Bạn ăn sáng chưa?
  • Have you had breakfast?

Person B:

  • Rồi, tôi ăn sáng với bánh mì.
  • Yes, I had bread for breakfast.

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Person A:

  • Bạn thường đi ngủ lúc mấy giờ?
  • What time do you usually go to sleep?

Person B:

  • Tôi thường đi ngủ lúc 10 giờ đêm.
  • I usually go to sleep at 10 PM.

By mastering Vietnamese vocabulary about daily routines, you can effectively communicate about daily routines and activities in Vietnamese.


Lesson 13: Vietnamese vocabulary about goods and currency